gross photo

Mark D Gross
Professor, Computational Design
School of Architecture MMCH 408
Carnegie Mellon University
5000 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 USA
current curriculum vitae...

portfolio of selected projects
lab web site


modular robotics logo



brief biography

Mark D Gross (BS Architectural Design, MIT 1978; PhD design theory & methods, MIT 1986) works at Carnegie Mellon University on computational construction kits, tangible interaction, computer-supported critiquing, creativity, and modular robotics for education. He is also co-founder and research director of Modular Robotics, a startup company in Boulder, Colorado that makes robot construction kits for kids. He has worked on constraint programming languages and sketch recognition. He teaches tangible interaction design and directs the Computational Design Laboratory in the School of Architecture. He also serves as the chair of graduate programs in the School of Architecture and Associate Head of the School. more...

research interests
design methods, modular robotics, comptuationally enhanced construction kits, sketch recognition and pen-based interfaces, tangible interaction, creativity, design critiquing more ...
publications (2011)
Experiments in Design Synthesis when Behavior is Determined by Shape, Schweikardt, E and Gross, MD  J Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, special issue on Material Computing, 15(2): 123-132    (2011)
   Hyperform Specification: designing and interacting with self-reconfiguring materials, Weller, M, Gross, MD, and Goldstein SC  J Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, special issue on Material Computing 15(2): 133-149 (2011)
  The RayMatic: a thermostat with a human face, Yun R and Gross MD, ACM SIGCHI Proc Tangible Embedded, Embodied Interaction, (TEI) Madeira Portugal, 61-62.(2011)
  Interactive Fabrication: New Interfaces for Digital Fabrication, Willis KDD, Xu C, Wu KJ, Levin G, and Gross MD, ACM SIGCHI Proc Tangible Embedded, Embodied Interaction (TEI), Madeira Portugal, 69-72. (2011)
  Red Balloon, Green Balloon, Sensors in the Sky, Stacey Kuznetsov, George Noel Davis, Eric Paulos, Mark D. Gross, Jian Chiu Cheung. ACM SIGCHI Proc Ubiquitous Computing (UbiComp), 2011, Beijing China (to appear)
publications (2010)

A Constraint-Based Furniture Design Critic, Yeonjoo Oh, Mark D Gross, Suguru Ishizaki, Ellen Yi-Luen Do, Research and Practice in Technology-Enhanced Learning 5(2):97-122(2010)

  Interactive Paper Devices: End-user Design & Fabrication, Saul G, Xu C, Gross, MD, Proc. ACM Tangible Embedded, Embodied Interaction (TEI), Boston, 2010, 205-212.
  WearAir: Expressive T-shirts for Air Quality Sensing, Kim S, Paulos E, and Gross MD, Proc. ACM Tangible Embedded, Embodied Interaction (TEI), Boston, 2010, 295-296.
  Supporting Coordination in Surgical Suites: Physical Aspects of Common Information Spaces, Scupelli, P, Xiao Y, Fussell SR, Kiesler S, Gross MD, ACM Human Factors in Computing (CHI) 2010
  Ubiquitous Drums, a tangible, wearable musical interface, Smus B and Gross MD, ACM Human Factors in Computing ( CHI) Work In Progress paper, 2010.
  Personal, Public: Using DIY to explore citizen-led efforts in urban computing: Bisker S, Gross M, Carter D, Paulos E, Kuznetsov S; ACM Human factors in Computing (CHI) Work in Progress paper (2010).
  Topaoko: Interactive Construction Kit, Wu KJ, Gross MD, ACM Human factors in Computing (CHI) Work in Progress paper. 2010.

more publications...


Mark D Gross teaches Making Things Interactive, an interdisciplinary studio/lab course in which students design, build, and demonstrate projects in tangible embedded interaction. The class uses the Arduino microcontroller as a platform for exploring the design and implementation of physical objects and places with computational behaviors. (Spring 2009; Fall 2008; Spring 2008; Fall 2007)

In Fall 2008 Gross launched the Master of Tangible Interaction Design program, an interdisciplinary program intended to help designers acquire the technical skills to realize their ideas, and engineers and computer scientists to apply their technical abilities in speculative and creative projects.

In June 2007,with Susan Finger, Mary Shaw, and Jim Herbsleb, Gross developed and taught an NSF-sponsored design research summer school workshop for PhD students working on research in design in various disciplines.

Here are some of Gross's current and recent PhD students: Gabe Johnson (sketching), Sora Key (modeling spatial qualities), Yeonjoo Oh, (computational design critiquing) Michael Weller (modular robotics): George Abraham (Drexel), Hyunyoung Song (University of Maryland), Nwanua Elumeze, (ambient programming) Yingdan Huang (University of Colorado), (constructing 3d virtual worlds) Peter Scupelli (information hotspots), Lisa Anthony (pen based interaction) Eric Schweikardt (designing modular robots) other students: Greg Saul (paper robots), J. Eric Townsend (tangible interaction design).